News and Views: Voluntary Consensus Standards, Stopping Illicit Opioids, Device Inspection Nonbinding Feedback, Ebola Virus Pathogenesis

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Voluntary Consensus Standards to promote the adoption of innovations in drug manufacturing that can improve quality and lower drug costs

Recognizing “voluntary consensus standards” based on nationally and internationally accepted standards for drug quality

  • New draft guidance  to propose pharmaceutical quality standards for potential recognition by the FDA, providing industry with additional options for pharmaceutical development and manufacturing
  • Promote and expedite  development, streamline FDA review of drug product applications
  • Provide list of recognized standards on website; reduce regulatory uncertainty

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Efforts to stop the spread of illicit opioids, further secure the U.S. drug supply chain and forcefully confront opioid epidemic

Efforts to stopping spread of illicit opioids and  securing all aspects of supply chain

  • Enforcement and interdiction of illegal shipment through US Postal Services
  • Work closely with U.S. Customs and Border Protection and U.S. Department of Justice
  • Warning Letters for illegal online marketing
  • Online Opioid Summit with appropriate stakeholders for stronger action
  • Warning letter under the Drug Supply Chain Security Act (DSCSA) McKesson Corp
  • New guidances
    • Risk/benefit framework to opioid analgesics including illicit use risks
    • Modernize development pathway for non-opioid analgesics for specific clinical conditions
    • Packaging requirements to limit number with single prescription
  • Continue work in accordance with Substance Use-Disorder Prevention that Promotes Opioid Recovery and Treatment (SUPPORT) for Patients and Communities Act

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Nonbinding Feedback after Certain FDA Inspections of Device Establishments

Standardized method for communicating and submitting requests for nonbinding feedback and describes how FDA evaluates and responds to such requests

  • Request for nonbinding feedback submitted by device establishment to FDA regarding firm’s proposed actions to address Form 483 inspectional observations

Firm’s proposals for addressing Inspectional Observations related to

  • release of violative product that may cause death or serious injury
  • production of nonconforming, violative, and/or defective finished devices
  • release of devices likely to cause 196 death or serious injury

FDA informal feedback on whether proposals

  • address inspectional observations
  • partially adequate or inadequate with explanation
  • recommend what may be needed to be adequate

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Capture.JPGNew approach for understanding Ebola Virus Pathogenesis

Contract with Broad Institute to conduct the largest Ebola virus and host gene expression (i.e., transcriptomics) study

  • Assess how Ebola virus evolves and spreads within the body
  • Identify mechanisms and biological pathways altered in immune cells and tissues during infection
  • Inform natural history of Ebola virus disease in humans
  • Characterize nonclinical models necessary for testing
  • Utilize fordeveloping medical countermeasures (MCMs) to prevent and treat Ebola virus disease

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Image credit: FDA

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Youth Tobacco Prevention Plan

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FDA’s Youth Tobacco Prevention Plan—a key component of the agency’s Comprehensive Plan for Tobacco and Nicotine Regulation—to stop youth use of tobacco products, especially e-cigarettes

  • Preventing youth access to tobacco products
  • Curbing marketing of tobacco products aimed at youth; and
  • Educating teens about the dangers of using any tobacco product, including e-cigarettes, as well as educating retailers about their key role in protecting youth

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Image credit: FDA

News & Views: Patients First, Least Burdensome Provisions, Drug Supply Chain security, 510(K) exemptions

Capture.JPGFDA’s Patient Affairs Staff (PAS)-  FDA Puts Patients First

PAS works with patients, caregivers, and advocates in 2019
  • Understanding patient experience and incorporating patient feedback into FDA’s work

PAS launched several initiatives to support and connect with patients


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The Least Burdensome Provisions: Concept and Principles

Final guidance on use of least burdensome approach to medical device regulation
  • Support timely patient access to high quality, safe and effective medical devices
  • Remove or reduce unnecessary burdens throughout total product lifecycle
  • Maintaining statutory requirements for clearance and approval
  • Principles are based on sound science, intent of the law, use of alternative approaches, efficient use of resources to effectively address regulatory issues

Guiding principles

  • FDA to request minimum information necessary to adequately address regulatory question or issue at hand
  • Industry should submit material, including premarket submissions, that are least burdensome for FDA to review
  • FDA to use most efficient means to resolve regulatory questions and issues
  • Right information provided at right time (e.g., just-in-time data collection) to address right questions
  • Regulatory approaches designed to fit technology, taking into account unique innovation cycles, evidence generation needs, timely patient access
  • FDA to leverage outside US data to the extent appropriate and feasible

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Improving security of Drug Supply Chain through innovations that improve tracking and tracing of medicines

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Intent to Exempt Certain Unclassified Medical Devices from Premarket Notification Requirements

Intent to exempt certain unclassified medical devices from premarket notification requirements

  • Devices are sufficiently well understood
  • Do not require premarket notification (510(k)) to assure their safety and effectiveness.

Device categories

  • Ear, Nose, and Throat
  • Gastroenterology-Urology
  • General and Plastic Surgical
  • Neurological
  • Obstetrical and Gynecological Devices
  • Physical Medicine Devices

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Image credit: FDA


Obesity Prevention Game

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Obesity Prevention Game Challenge

  • 2 out of every 3 women overweight or with obesity problems in US
  • 1 in 3 girls (2-19 years old) overweight or with obesity problems
  • Create engaging web- or mobile-based game that helps women or girls build healthier exercise and eating habits to prevent obesity
  • Chance to win up to $77,000 in prize money!

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Image credit: FDA

Market Authorizations: ULTOMIRIS for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, Personal Genome Service (PGS) for Cervical Cancer screening

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ULTOMIRIS (ravulizumab-cwvz) injection

Alexion Pharmaceuticals
INDICATION: Treatment of adult patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)
ADDRESSING UNMET NEED:
  • PNH is a rare acquired disorder that leads to the rupture or destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis)
  • Prior to this approval, treatment required every two weeks, which can be burdensome for patients and families
  • Novel formulation so patients only need treatment every eight weeks, without compromising efficacy

MECHANISM OF ACTION: Terminal complement inhibitor specifically binds to complement protein C5 with high affinity; inhibits terminal complement-mediated intravascular hemolysis in patients with PNH

EFFICACY & SAFETY:
  • First randomized clinical trial, n=246 PNH patients (treatment naïve), Ultomiris vs. eculizumab, current standard of care for PNH
  • Non-inferiority on endpoints: Transfusion avoidance and hemolysis directly measured by normalization of LDH levels
  • Second randomized trial, n=195 PNH patients clinically stable after eculizumab treatment, Ultomiris vs. continue eculizumab
  • Similarity on several clinical measures including hemolysis and avoiding transfusion
  • Common side effects: Headache, upper respiratory infection
  • Boxed Warning: Risk of life-threatening meningococcal infections and sepsis
REGULATORY PATHWAY: BLA
  • Priority Review designation, Orphan Drug designation
  • Postmarketing commitments: Data from clinical trials in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (ALXN1210-PNH-301 and ALXN1210-PNH-302) to include the extension period of up to 2 years of follow-up

Personal Genome Service (PGS) Genetic Health Risk Report for
MUTYH-Associated Polyposis for Cervical Cancer screening

23andMe

INTENDED USE: PGS uses qualitative genotyping to detect select clinically relevant variants in genomic DNA isolated from human saliva collected from individuals ≥18 years for the purpose of reporting and interpreting genetic health risks, including the 23andMe PGS Genetic Health Risk Report for MUTYH-Associated Polyposis (MAP)

INDICATION FOR USE: The 23andMe PGS Genetic Health Risk Report for MUTYHAssociated Polyposis is indicated for reporting of the Y179C and the G396D variants in the MUTYH gene. The report describes if a person is at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. The two variants included in this report are most common and best studied in people of Northern European descent and may not represent the majority of the MUTYH variants found in people of other ethnicities. The test report does not describe a person’s overall risk of developing any type of cancer, and the absence of a variant tested does not rule out the presence of other variants that may be cancer-related.

This test is not a substitute for visits to a healthcare provider for recommended screenings or appropriate follow-up and should not be used to determine any treatments.

DESCRIPTION:

  • The core components of the PGS are unchanged from the de novo authorization for the predicate device, the PGS Genetic Health Risk Report for BRCA1/BRCA2 and also the additional de novo Authorizations of the PGS for Carrier Screening Tests for Bloom Syndrome and PGS Genetic Health Risk Reports including saliva collection kit, reagents and beadchip, instrumentation, software, test processes, procedures
  • Novel components: (a) specific variants to be reported (b) qualitative reporting of risk for MAP, as opposed to the BRCA related cancer risks

REGULATORY PATHWAY: Traditional 510(k)

  • Trade/Device Name: MUTYH-Associated Polyposis (MAP)
  • Regulation Number: 21 CFR 866.6090
  • Regulation Name: Cancer Predisposition Risk Assessment System
  • Regulatory Class: Class II
  • Product Code: QAZ

SUMMARY


Image credits: Alexion, 23andMe